William

William Henry Roll


Welcome to the new and improved Roll Family Windmill website! We have upgraded our authoring tools to design and create content and present it to you with style. We will be better able to maintain content and share information about the genealogy of the Roll and allied families.


They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old: Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn. At the going down of the sun and in the morning, We will remember them. --Laurence Binyon,"Ode of Remembrance"


I have gathered a posie of other men's flowers, and nothing but the string that binds them is mine own. --Michel Eyquem de Montaigne


Documenting your family history is a lifelong pursuit, a task of pleasure and research that is never completely finished.


Not to know one's ancestors, is to be a tree without roots, a stream without a source. --Kung-fut-se


The wind whispers through the trees, recalling words and dreams and memories of those who left us long ago. --Unknown


St. Basil of Caesarea, born about 330 A.D., said, "A tree is known by its fruit; a man by his deeds. A good deed is never lost; he who sows courtesy reaps friendship, and he who plants kindness gathers love."



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Where on Earth
Historic or current place names?

The confusion about place names for events in the historical and genealogical literature is not going to go away. House numbers, street, city, municipality, county, territory, state country, and empire names change.

The question arises as to which place name one should record as the location for an event in a genealogical database? Should one record the name of the place as it was known at the time of the event, or the name of the place as it is now known? Certainly historic place names are required. The solution is to use both names.

If family tree software expects the current place name, then the historic place name must be recorded in the description field.

It takes time to research historic place names, and the sources of accurate information are not always immediately available. Some resources are listed at the bottom of this page.

An Example: Verona Township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States

Hopefully this revised article will give a more accurate representation of the changes that took place in the nomenclature for this particular location.

Verona Township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States, is an example of how changes in political boundaries have affected place names.


Verona Township, New Jersey

Verona Township, Essex County, New Jersey


The land that was to become Verona Township has gone through a number of iterations in political geography during the colonial and national periods. The following is a brief summary.

Under the Dutch

The land that is now Verona Township was part of New Netherland, a Dutch colony. In 1615 the Dutch built Fort Orange on Castle Island near the present Albany, New York, establishing their claim to trading rights in the area now New York and New Jersey. The land that was to become Verona Township was the domain of the Lenni Lenape, Native Americans. No Dutchman had ever been there.

Under the English

The land was part of the Province of New York, an English colony. In 1664 the English captured New Amsterdam and claimed all New Netherland. The land that was to become Verona Township was the domain of the Lenni Lenape.

In 1666, the founders of the city of Newark purchased from the Lenni Lenape land that extended northward to the Passaic county line and westward to the top of the Orange Mountains. The Lenni Lenape were no longer in possession of the land.

Under the Dutch Again

The land was part of New Orange, previously named New Netherland, a Dutch colony. In 1673 New Netherland was restored as a Dutch colony.


Novi Belgii Novæque Angliæ

Reprint of 1685 Novi Belgii Novæque Angliæ (New Netherland)
Nicolaes Visscher I


Again under the English, then British in 1707

The land was part of the Province of East Jersey, a British colony. In 1674 the Dutch colony became New York again.

The land was part of Essex County, East Jersey, a British colony. In 1683 Essex County was formed from part of the Province of East Jersey.

The land was part of the Horseneck Tract, Newark, Essex County, East Jersey, a British colony. In 1701 a tract of 13,500 acres west of the present city of Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, was purchased from some Lenni Lenape. This area was known as Horseneck, and was part of Newark. Part of the Horseneck tract was later to become Verona Township, located in the valley between the First and Second Watchung Mountains.

Under the United States

The land was part of Caldwell neighborhood in Newark Township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States. In 1798 Horseneck was renamed Caldwell after the fighting parson James Caldwell.

The land was part of Caldwell Township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States. In 1892 Caldwell township separated from Newark. Part of the township was later to become Verona Township.

The land was Verona Borough, Essex County, New Jersey, United States. In 1907 the borough of Verona was incorporated in Essex County, New Jersey. In 1908 Cedar Grove was formed from part of Verona.

The land was Verona Township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States In 1982, Verona Borough became Verona Township.


Bibliography

Ludvik Mucha and Bohuslav Hlinka. The Scott Stamp Atlas, Prague: Geodetic and Cartographic Enterprise, 1987. This source is useful for global historic place names of political entities that have issued postage stamps 1840 to just before the date of publication.


Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
This database is or international searches place names around the world. It provides information including latitude and longitude, hisorical notes, the hierarchical position in geography, variant names, type of place, and sources.

GEOnet Names Server (GNS)
This database is a good resource for searching current foreign place names.

Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)
This database is useful for searching current place names in the United States and Antarctica.

Local Names, State of New Jersey
The State of New Jersey provides a table of current local names with municipality, and county for each.

New Jersey Place Names
A table identifies some historic place names with the current names in the present state of New Jersey. The list in incomplete, but useful.