William

William Henry Roll


Welcome to the new and improved Roll Family Windmill website! We have upgraded our authoring tools to design and create content and present it to you with style. We will be better able to maintain content and share information about the genealogy of the Roll and allied families.


They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old: Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn. At the going down of the sun and in the morning, We will remember them. --Laurence Binyon,"Ode of Remembrance"


I have gathered a posie of other men's flowers, and nothing but the string that binds them is mine own. --Michel Eyquem de Montaigne


Documenting your family history is a lifelong pursuit, a task of pleasure and research that is never completely finished.


Not to know one's ancestors, is to be a tree without roots, a stream without a source. --Kung-fut-se


The wind whispers through the trees, recalling words and dreams and memories of those who left us long ago. --Unknown


St. Basil of Caesarea, born about 330 A.D., said, "A tree is known by its fruit; a man by his deeds. A good deed is never lost; he who sows courtesy reaps friendship, and he who plants kindness gathers love."



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This website was created the old-fashioned way; it has been hand coded.



keep calm



The Quaker Plain Calendar

Quakers, also called Friends, objected to the naming of days and months after heathen gods; therefore, they traditionally used numbers to denominate the names of the months and days of the week, something they call the plain calendar.

The days begin with First Day (Sunday) and ends on Seventh Day (Saturday), and months run from First Month (January) to Twelfth Month (December). The plain calendar emerged in the 17th century in England in the Puritan movement, but became closely identified with Friends by the end of the 1650s, and was commonly employed into the 20th century. It is less commonly encountered today.


Quaker Epistle

Epistle from the Meeting of Sufferings in London, England, 1751


You are probably familiar with the change from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar in 1752/53. Because of the Quaker custom of not using standard names for months there is some modern confusion when referring to pre-1752 Quaker records. The following table should be of assistance. Before 1753 the year began in March. Beginning in 1753, the year began in January.

 __________________________________________
|  OLD STYLE  |    QUAKER    |  NEW STYLE  |
|   Before    |   Notation   |  Beginning  |
|    1853     |              |    1853     |
|-------------|--------------|-------------|
|  March      |  1st Month   |  January    |
|  April      |  2nd Month   |  February   |
|  May        |  3rd Month   |  March      |
|  June       |  4th Month   |  April      |
|  July       |  5th Month   |  May        |
|  August     |  6th Month   |  June       |
|  September  |  7th Month   |  July       |
|  October    |  8th Month   |  August     |
|  November   |  9th Month   |  September  |
|  December   |  10th Month  |  October    |
|  January    |  11th Month  |  November   |
|  February   |  12th Month  |  December   |
 ------------------------------------------