The Earliest Known Roll Ancestor
Spouse(s): Antje Unknown
Family tree: Mangel Roll c. 1610-c. 1670
Mangel Roll was born about 1610, and died about 1680, in the Netherlands. He was the father of the Jan Mangelsen, immigrant to New Netherland and the progenitor of the Roll family in America. The origin of his name is shrouded in mystery, since it has not been discovered in any of the old records. It is possible to deduce his name from his son's patronymic: Mangelsen, which means "son of Mangel."
Mangel's surname Roll is inferred from the fact that his grandchildren all used a form of that surname, i.e. Ral, Rall, Rol, Roll, Rool, etc. It is reasonable, based on their use of the surname Roll, to assume that although Jan Mangels had the surname, but never used it in documents. In every instance Jan Mangels' name appears in the records, it is in the form of a patronymic, in conformity with the Dutch custom of that time.
Lead: Dictionary of American Family Names. Oxford University Press, 2013. "Mangle is the Americanized spelling of German and Jewish Mangel."
Lead: Gahagan, Hannah M. Four Families, Cory, Culbertson, Smith, Gahagan. page 58. "The name Roll was an evolution from the original Dutch, which appears to have been Mangelse, or Mangel, or Mongle Roll, or Mongeroll." I am very interested in purchasing a copy of this book, please contact me if you have one to offer. Please contact me. My email address is at the bottom of this page.
Propagation of the Given Name Mangel
The given name Mangel was propagated down through Jan Mangelsen's descendants: Mangus Beekman, Mangel Minthorne, Mangel Minthorne Pell, Mangel Minthorne Quackenbos, Mangel Rall, Mangel Roll, John Mangels Roll, Mangel Janszen Roll, Pieter Mangelse Roll, Mangel Rull, Mangel Minthorne Thompson, Mangel Minthorn Tompkins, for example.
Some of the various spellings of the given name and patronymic that I have seen in the literature are Mangel, Mangele, Mangelen, Mangels, Mangelse, Mangelsen, Mangelson, Mangelsz, Mangle, Mangler, Manglese, Manglesee, Mangelrol, Mengalroll, Mongeroll, Mongle
Whence the Name Mangel?
St. Magnus of Füssen (St. Mang)
The ancient Christian custom was that all given names should taken from the Christian saints. One source states that Mangel was a Christian given name in the Netherlands.
I believe "Mangel" is a form of the name of a Christian saint named "St. Magnus of Füssen, Abbot." Füssen is a town in the Algäu on the southern border of Germany, near Austria and Switzerland.
The name Mangel comes from the ancient German name Magnus, which also appears in the forms Mang and Manges in the Alps of Southern Germany, Austria and Switzerland. The name is mixed up with the otherwise apparently extinct German name Magnoald, Maginald, and Maginold. The letters "gn," "gin" and "ng" seem to have been interchangeable.
So, the name Mangel came from the Alps down the river Rhine to the Netherlands, and then across the Atlantic to New Netherlands.
St. Magnus: Magnoaldus, Maginaldus, popularly known as St. Mang
An apostle of the Algäu, d. about 750 (655?). The history of St. Magnus is shrouded in obscurity. The only source is an old "Vita S. Magni", which, however, contains so many manifest anachronisms that little reliance can be placed on it. It relates that two Irish missionaries Columbanus and Gall, spent some time with Willimar, a priest at Arbon. Here Gall fell sick and was put in charge of Magnus and Theodore (Maginald and Theodo), two clerics living with Willimar, while Columbanus proceeded to Italy and founded the monastery of Bobbio. When Gall had been miraculously informed of the death of Columbanus he sent Magnus to pray at his grave in Bobbio. Magnus returned from Bobbio with the staff of Columbanus and thereafter they followed his rule. After the death of Gall, Magnus succeeded him as superior of the cell...
Source: Herbermann, Charles G. The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: The Encyclopedia Press, Inc, 1913, Volume 9: St. Magnus.