William Henry Roll

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They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old: Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn. At the going down of the sun and in the morning, We will remember them. --Laurence Binyon,"Ode of Remembrance"

I have gathered a posie of other men's flowers, and nothing but the string that binds them is mine own. --Michel Eyquem de Montaigne

Documenting your family history is a lifelong pursuit, a task of pleasure and research that is never completely finished.

Not to know one's ancestors, is to be a tree without roots, a stream without a source. --Kung-fut-se

The wind whispers through the trees, recalling words and dreams and memories of those who left us long ago. --Unknown

St. Basil of Caesarea, born about 330 A.D., said, "A tree is known by its fruit; a man by his deeds. A good deed is never lost; he who sows courtesy reaps friendship, and he who plants kindness gathers love."


This website was created the old-fashioned way; it has been hand coded.

keep calm

Map of Manhattan
Joan. Vinckeboons, 1639

A Portion of Manatvs gelegen op du Noot Riuier

Manatvs map

Manatus key

Title Translation: Manhattan Situated on the North River

Dutch-language hand-drawn pen-and-ink/watercolor map of Manhattan in the 1630s, located in what was then part of the Holland’s New Amsterdam colony. Though the title includes the word ‘Noot’, this is a handwriting error and should be Noort (for North River, later called the Hudson River). Numbers on the map refer to the included list of major buildings and locations. Depths for a few locations are indicated through soundings. Indian settlements are indicated by Long House icons, and windmills by a windmill icon.

Among the prominent names listed on the map are: Eylant Manatus (Manhattan Island), Eylant Staten (Staten Island), Fort Amsterdam, and the Noort River. This map is oriented with north toward the right.

This map is generally ascribed to Joan Vinckeboons, though it is not absolutely certain that he was the cartographer. Date of 1639 also is a best-guess attribution.

The images above are portions of the original manuscript map, which covers a wider area and shows all the places identified in the key. The entire map, Manatvs gelegen op de Noot Riuier, can be viewed full size at the American Memory, Library of Congress.

Castello and Harrisse copies

Stokes, I. N. Phelps The iconography of Manhattan Island 1498-1909 (v. 2) (New York :  Robert H. Dodd,  1915-1928.)  between pp. 179-180.

Phelps Stokes in Iconography of Manhattan Island, v 2, p 184, in a comparison of the 1667-75 Castello and Harrisse copies of the 1639 Manatus map, makes the following statement:

"The principal difference between the bouweries and the plantations seems to be that the former were fully developed farms, with cattle, etc., whereas the latter were probably confined to the raising of tobacco or other crops."

Transcription of the Map Key

From the key on the Castello copy:

Only some of the items on the list below are visible in the portion of the map at the top of this page. To view the whole map, click the link above. The translations and interpretations I added are in parenthases

If you wish to identify persons on this list, please provide your source citations, and I will add them. My email address is at the bottom of this page.

Indication of the places on and in the neighbourhood of Manatus.

1: Comp. Bouerij met een treffeluck Huys (the company's great bouwery [farm])
2 - 6: vys vervallen Boueryen vande Comp. ledich staan waer ven nu Ao 1639 weder 3 Bewoont worden
1: (Van Twiller) Iconography 2:188
2: (Barent Dircksen's Farm Iconography 2:188
3: (Bylevelt's Bouwery) Iconography 2:188
6: (Wolphert Gerritsen van Couwenhoven) Iconography 2:189
7: Plantage van Tomas sanders (plantation of Tomas Sanders [actually Tymen Jansen])
8: Plantage van Out Jan (plantation of Old Jan [Jan Celes, Seles, Seals or Seales])
9: Plantage van Jan pietersen (plantation of Jan Pietersen van Housem) Iconography 2:190
10: Plantage van 't wilier (plantation of Wouter van Twiller)
11: Plantage van Boerebacker (plantation of Baker; owned by Barent Dircksen van Norden)
12: Plantage van M° Lesle, De nevesinx (plantation of Francis Lesley)
13: Plan. van Tomas Betts [Beets ?]
14: Plan. van Jan van Rotterdam
15: Plan. van Hendrick pietersen
16: Bouerij van Boere Backer (farm of Barent Dircksen van Norden)
17: Plan. van Jacob van Collaar (plantation of Jacob van Curler [Corlaer])
18: Bou. van Loein ontangle (farm of Jean de la Montagne)
19: Bou. van Cornelis van thienhoouen (farm of Cornelis van Tienhoven)
20: Bou. van Twiller in't Hellegat
21: Bou. van senikant (Farm of Domine Everardus Bogardus)
22: Bou. van Antonij du Turck (farm of Antony the Turk)
23: Bou van Jan claessen (farm of Jan Claesen)
24: Plan. van David de Provoost (plantation of David de Provoost)
25: Plan. van Hendrick de snyder (plantation of Hendrick Jansen)
26: Plan. van Tymen Jansen (plantation of Tymen Jansen [actually Thomas Sandersen])
27: Bou. van van vorst
28: van heyndrick va. vorst (only the lower vase "v" appears on the Costello copy)
29: Bou. van Jan Everts
30: Plan. op Jan de Latershoeck
31: dry plan. op pouels Hoeck
32: Plan van Maerynes
33: Plan van Dauidt pieters
34: nooten Eylan. met een plan va. twiller (Governors Island)
35: twe beginsels en 3 Plaiitage van Pannebackerij
36: twee Bou en a Plan. van wolfert Gerrits met 2 van Syn Consoorten
37: Plan. van gegoergesyn
38: dry plant.
39: Plan, van claes de Noorman
40: Bou, van dirck de Noorman
41: Bou. van Cosyn (farm of Cosyn Gerritsen van Putten)
42: Begonnen Boil Poelem pietersen is syn Begryp soo veer 't met stip is Afgeset van Rivier tot 't hooge sant ende genaemt Zeegendal (farm of Jochem Pietersen Kuyter)
43: Begonnen Bou van Jonas Brom
44: Plan. van pieter de schoorstienveeger
45: Plan, van snyder (farm of snyder [tailor])

A: 't Fort Amsterdam (Fort Amsterdam)
B: Cooren Moolen (koren molen; corn or grist windmill)
C: Saag moolen (zaag molen; saw windmill)
D: Saag Moolen (zaag molen; saw windmill)
E: varckens Eylandt (later renamed Blackwell Island, later Roosevelt Island
F: 't Quartier van de swarten de Comp slaven (quarters of the black company slaves

Source: Stokes, I. N. Phelps The iconography of Manhattan Island 1498-1909, New York: Robert H. Dodd, 1915-1928, Vol. 2, pp. 184-186