Family Relationship Terms in English and Spanish
In the context of human society, a family is a group of people affiliated by consanguinity (by recognized birth), affinity (by marriage), or co-residence (as implied by the etymology of the English word "family") and/or shared consumption. Members of the immediate family includes spouses, parents, brothers, sisters, sons and/or daughters. Members of the extended family may include grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, nephews, nieces, and/or siblings-in-law.
The Spanish language equivalents of English family relationship terms are given below.
Hermanos (brothers, siblings)
Hermanastro (stepbrother, half-brother)
Hermanastra (stepsister, half-sister)
Hijos (sons, children)
Hijastro (stepson, stepchild)
Primos hermanos (first cousins)
Other Family Relationships
Padrinos de pila (baptismal Godparents)
Yerno (son-in law)
Contrasuegros (relationship between parents-in-law)
Concuña (the wife of a brother-in-law)
Concuño (the husband of a sister-in-law)
Primeros padrinos (legal witnesses)
Padrinos de Lazo (the lazo is two rosaries merged and symbolic of the marriage union)
Padrinos de Arras (coins the groom gives to the bride as symbol of providing for family)
Padrinos de Libro y Rosario (bible and rosary)
Dama (bride's maid)
Chamberlain (groom's man)
Portadores ask for the bride's "hand in marriage"
Boda is the wedding
Contraboda is the extension of the celebration sponsored by the other in-laws