William

William Henry Roll


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They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old: Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn. At the going down of the sun and in the morning, We will remember them. --Laurence Binyon,"Ode of Remembrance"


I have gathered a posie of other men's flowers, and nothing but the string that binds them is mine own. --Michel Eyquem de Montaigne


Documenting your family history is a lifelong pursuit, a task of pleasure and research that is never completely finished.


Not to know one's ancestors, is to be a tree without roots, a stream without a source. --Kung-fut-se


The wind whispers through the trees, recalling words and dreams and memories of those who left us long ago. --Unknown


St. Basil of Caesarea, born about 330 A.D., said, "A tree is known by its fruit; a man by his deeds. A good deed is never lost; he who sows courtesy reaps friendship, and he who plants kindness gathers love."



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The Dutch Boroughs of Brooklyn


Brooklyn, the original six towns

The original six Dutch towns of Brooklyn


The first settlements of [Kings County] were made mostly by the Dutch, about 1625. In 1640, a colony of Mass[achusetts] Quakers, in quest of religious freedom, settled at Gravesend under the protection of the Dutch Government. Long previous to the English conquest of 1664, settlements had been made, mills erected, and churches and schools established in every town in the [county].

The settlers were so exclusively Dutch that the Dutch language and customs prevailed until within a comparatively recent period. Bushwick, Brooklyn, Flatbush, Flatlands, and New Utrecht were known under the English Government as the “Five Dutch Towns;” and they were associated, for certain purposes, until 1690.

The Five Towns also formed an ecclesiastical society, and joined in the support of their minister until the final separation of the American church from the Classis of Holland, in 1772.

Source: French, J.H., Gazetteer of the State of New York, Syracuse, N.Y.: R. Pearsall Smith, 1860. p. 366.



The Dutch Boroughs of Brooklyn

Modern Founded    Dutch Meaning
Brooklyn 1646 Breukelen Breukelen, Nederland
Bushwyck 1661 Boswijck heavy woods
Flatbush 1652 Vlacke Bos, Midwout wooded plain
Flatlands 1647 Niew Amersfoort Amersfoort, Nederland
Gravesend 1645 Granuwezande gray sand
New Utrecht   1657 Nieuw Utrecht Utrecht, Nederland